How to Install Linux

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How to Install Linux

Here we can see, “How to Install Linux”

Do you want to set up Linux? It’s not as difficult as you might imagine! You can even try Linux before installing it on your computer. Then, if you don’t like it, reboot to return to Windows. This article will show you how to get started with Linux.

Installing Any Linux Distribution 

  1. Obtain a copy of your preferred Linux distribution. If you’re new to Linux, try Ubuntu or Linux Mint, both of which are lightweight and simple to use. Linux distributions (sometimes known as “distros”) are usually offered in ISO format for free download. The ISO for your chosen distribution can be found on the distribution’s website.
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  • Before using this format to install Linux, you must first burn it to a CD or USB stick. This will result in the creation of a Live CD or a Live USB.
  • A Live CD or Live USB is a bootable disc that often includes a preview version of the operating system that can be run straight from the CD or USB stick.
  • Install an image burning program or use your system’s built-in burning tool if you’re using Windows 7, 8, or Mac OS X. Two common utilities for burning ISO files to USB sticks are Pen Drive Linux and UNetBootin.
  1. Start the Live CD or USB drive. Most computers are set to launch from the hard drive first, so you’ll have to make some adjustments to boot from your freshly made CD or USB. Begin by restarting your computer.
  • When the computer has finished rebooting, press the key that was used to access the boot menu. Your system’s key will appear on the same screen as the manufacturer’s logo. F12, F2, and Del are common keys.
    • Hold the Shift key while clicking RestartRestart on Windows 8. This will bring up the Advanced Startup Options, from which you can choose to boot from a CD.
    • Go to advanced boot in settings and pick “Restart Now” for Windows 10 users.
    • If the manufacturer’s splash screen doesn’t provide you direct access to the boot menu, it’s most likely hidden in the BIOS menu. The BIOS menu is accessed in the same way that the boot menu is accessed. Therefore, the key should be listed in one of the bottom corners of the manufacturer’s splash screen.
  • Select your live CD or USB drive from the boot menu. Save and exit the BIOS setup or boot menu once you’ve made your changes. The boot procedure will resume on your PC.
  1. Experiment with the Linux distribution before deciding to install it. Most Live CDs and USBs can start a “live environment,” allowing you to try out the software before making the transfer. You won’t be able to create files, but you will explore the interface and choose whether it is suitable for you.
  2. Begin the setup procedure. If you’re trying out the distribution, you can start the installation via the desktop application. You can start the installation from the boot menu if you don’t want to try out the distribution.
  • Some fundamental options, such as language, keyboard layout, and timezone, will be requested.
  1. Make a username and password for yourself. To install Linux, you’ll need to create login credentials. To log into your account and do administrative functions, you’ll need a password.
  2. Configure the division. If you want to dual boot Linux with another operating system, you’ll need to install Linux on a separate partition from any other operating system on your computer. A partition is a section of a hard drive that has been formatted particularly for a certain operating system. If you don’t plan on dual-booting, you can skip this step.
  • Ubuntu, for example, will automatically create a suggested partition. You can then make manual adjustments. Most Linux installs require at least 20 GB of disc space, so make sure you have enough space for the Linux operating system and any additional programs or data you may install.
  • If you don’t get automatic partitions during the installation, make sure the partition you create is formatted as Ext4. If you’re installing Linux as the only operating system on the computer, you’ll probably have to manually adjust the partition size.
  1. Start the Linux operating system. Your computer will reboot once the installation is complete. When your machine starts up, you’ll notice a new screen called “GNU GRUB.” This is a boot loader that takes care of Linux setups. Choose a new Linux distribution from the list. If your machine only has one operating system, this screen may not appear. You can get this screen by pressing shift if you don’t get this screen right after the manufacturer splash screen.
  • If you have many distros installed on your machine, they will all appear here.
  1. Examine your hardware. Most hardware should work with your Linux distribution out of the box, though you may need to download some additional drivers to get everything to function.
  • To work properly in Linux, some hardware requires proprietary drivers. Graphics cards are the most common example of this. Usually, an open-source driver will work, but you will need to obtain the proprietary drivers from the manufacturer to get the most out of your graphics cards.
  • The System Settings menu in Ubuntu allows you to obtain proprietary drivers. First, select Additional Drivers from the drop-down menu and then the graphics driver from the list. Other Linux distributions have their techniques for obtaining additional drivers.
  • Other drivers, such as WiFi drivers, can also be found in this list.
  1. Begin to use Linux. You’re ready to use Linux once your installation is complete and you’ve verified that your hardware is functional. Many popular apps are pre-installed on most distros, and you can download many more from their file repositories.

Specific Linux Distributions to Install

  1. Download and install Ubuntu. Ubuntu is one of the most widely used Linux distributions today. A long-term release and a short-term release with the most recent features are both available. There is greater software support in the long-term release.
  2. Set up Fedora. Fedora is a major Linux distribution. Fedora is significantly more common in commercial and enterprise systems.
  3. Set up Debian. Debian is yet another popular Linux distribution. It is regarded as one of the most bug-free Linux releases. Debian also comes with a vast number of software packages.
  4. Download and install Linux Mint. Linux Mint is one of the newest distros on the market, and it’s swiftly gaining traction. It’s based on the Ubuntu operating system, but it’s been tweaked a lot depending on user feedback.

How to Install Linux on Windows 10

The Linux operating system is a group of open-source operating systems. They are free to download and are based on the Linux kernel. They are compatible with both Mac and Windows computers. This article will show you how to install Linux on a Windows 10 computer.

You’ll need to create a location for your Linux OS to live if you want to dual boot Linux and Windows. You’ll need to partition your main hard drive to accomplish this. Here’s how you can do it:

How to Partition a Hard Drive in Windows 10

  1. Start typing in the Windows Search Bar. The magnifying glass icon in the bottom-left corner of your screen represents this.
  2. Then, in the search bar, write “DISKMGMT.MSC” and press enter.
  3. Select Shrink Volume from the context menu of your main hard disc. If you have more than one hard disc, select the one that reads Primary Partition. This is commonly referred to as the C: drive.
  4. Then decide how much you want to reduce the size of your drive. Setting aside at least 20GB (20,000MB) for Linux is recommended.
  5. Finally, press the Shrink button.
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You’ll need to write a Linux Distro onto a USB thumb drive or an external drive 4GB or larger once you’ve allocated space for installing Linux. Here’s how you can do it:

How to Make a Linux Bootable USB

  1. Download an ISO image of a Linux distribution. A disc image is an ISO file. Ubuntu, Mint, and Fedora are among the most popular choices. They can be downloaded for free from the main websites of each distribution. We’ll be using Ubuntu for this article.
  2. Connect the USB drive to your computer and turn it on. You may be asked to format your hard drive. Make a backup of your files before you start because this will erase everything on your hard drive.
  3. Rufus is available for download. The most recent version of the application can be found here.
  4. Select your USB drive from the Device list in Rufus. If you’re not sure which drive to use, eject all other drives until you’re left with only one option.
  5. Click the Select button under Boot Selection and select the ISO file you downloaded previously. The other default settings should be left alone.
  6. Finally, press the Start button. If a pop-up window appears asking you to choose an image writing option, select ISO.

Then sit still as Rufus mounts your ISO file to your hard drive. This could take a while, so bear with us if the progress meter appears to be frozen.

How to Install Linux from USB

Now that you’ve got your Linux distribution on a USB drive, here’s how to use it.

  1. Insert a Linux USB device that can be booted.
  2. To get started, go to the start menu. This is the Windows logo-shaped button in the lower-left corner of your screen.
  3. Then, while clicking RestartRestart, hold down the SHIFT key. You’ll be taken to the Windows Recovery Environment as a result of this.
  4. Then choose to Use a Device from the drop-down menu.
  5. In the list, look for your device. If your drive isn’t visible, choose EFI USB Device, then select your drive from the following screen.
  6. Linux will now boot on your PC. If your machine restarts Windows, there was either a problem with your hard drive, or you needed to modify BIOS settings.
  7. Install Linux is the option to choose. Some distros also allow you to try out the operating system before installing it.
  8. Carry out the installation procedure. Depending on the distro you’re trying to install, this will be different. This information could include your WiFi network, language, time zone, and keyboard layout, among other things. In addition, you may have to create an account with a username and password. Please note any pertinent information, as you will most likely need it in the future.
  9. Most distros will allow you to partition your drive or erase it and conduct a clean install during the installation.
  10. When prompted, restart your computer. If your machine has several operating systems, you will be sent to a GNU GRUB screen after rebooting. You can choose which operating system to boot from this screen.

If you don’t see a GRUB screen when you boot up your computer, try putting your Linux distribution higher on the BIOS boot list.

After you’ve finished, run a hardware check. You may need to download additional drivers for some gear to work. The option to download drivers can be found in your new Linux OS’s Systems Settings. You can begin investigating and utilizing your Linux distro after ensuring that your hardware is operational.

Conclusion

I hope you found this information helpful. Please fill out the form below if you have any queries or comments.

User Questions:

  1. Is it possible for me to install Linux on my own?

A Do It Yourself (DIY) distribution is what it’s called. This implies that you had to complete the task entirely on your own. From setting up all of your drivers to selecting the Desktop Environment (DE) and applications you wish to utilize, we’ve got you covered. I wanted to install Arch Linux on my desktop shortly after installing it on my laptop.

  1. Is it difficult to set up Linux?

Ubuntu-based distributions are, on the whole, quite simple to set up. Others, such as OpenSUSE, Fedora, and Debian, offer more advanced features if needed but remain very simple. Installing Linux on its own is easier than dual-booting, although dual-booting with Windows isn’t difficult in most cases.

  1. Is Windows 10 a superior operating system to Linux?

Linux performs admirably. Even on older technology, it is significantly faster, smoother, and more responsive. Windows 10 is slower than Linux because it runs batches in the background, which necessitates good hardware. Updates for Linux are readily available and can be updated/modified promptly.

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  1. What is the best method for installing Linux?

Best way to install Linux? from linuxquestions

  1. Should we stop telling people to install Linux?

Should we stop telling people to install Linux? from linuxmasterrace