Essential Windows CMD Commands You Should Know

Essential Windows CMD Commands You Should Know

Here we can see, “Essential Windows CMD Commands You Should Know”

With its minimalist UI and lack of the customary Windows help hints, the Windows Command Prompt may appear intimidating. Still, it’s one of the most powerful tools in Windows’ arsenal.

From intricate automation to network settings, Windows 10‘s Command Prompt comes in handy. What it lacks in terms of the user interface more than makes up for efficiency. Suppose you’re unsure where, to begin with, command prompt skills; here’s a good place to start!

While most people rush to choose the best and most beneficial instructions, it’s helpful to understand what the various options signify.

Understanding what each option means and how different parameters might be combined to accomplish the desired effect.

A complete list of the most important Windows commands is provided below.

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Essential Windows Command Prompt Commands

ASSOC Displays or modifies file extension associations.
ATTRIB Displays or changes file attributes.
BREAK Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.
BCDBOOT Used to copy critical files to the system partition and to create a new system BCD store.
BCDEDIT Sets properties in boot database to control boot loading.
CACLS Shows or changes access control lists (ACLs) of files.
CALL Calls a batch program from another.
CD Shows the name of or changes to a current directory.
CHCP Displays or sets the active code page number.
CHDIR Displays the name of or changes to the current directory.
CHKDSK Checks a disk and displays a status report.
CHKNTFS Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.
CHOICE Batch file command that allows users to select from a set of options.
CIPHER Displays or alters the encryption of directories (files) on NTFS partitions.
CLIP Redirects output off another command to the Windows clipboard.
CLS Clears the screen.
CMD Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.
CMDKEY Creates, lists, and deletes stored usernames and passwords or credentials.
COLOR Sets the default console colors.
COMP Compares the contents of two files or sets of files byte by byte
COMPACT Displays or alters the compression of files on NTSF partitions.
CONVERT Converts FAT volumes to NTFS. You cannot convert the current drive.
COPY Copies one of more files to another location.
DATE Displays or sets the date.
DEFRAG Disk defragment accessory.
DEL Deletes one or more files.
DIR Displays a list of files and sub-directories in a directory.
DISKCOMP Compares the contents of two floppy disks.
DISKCOPY Copies the contents of one floppy disk to another.
DISKPART Displays or configures Disk Partition properties.
DOSKEY Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros.
DRIVERQUERY Displays current device driver status and properties.
ECHO Displays messages, or turns commands echoing on or off.
ENDLOCAL Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file.
ERASE Deletes one of more files.
EXIT Quits and closes the command shell.
EXPAND Expands compressed files.
FC Compares two files or sets of files and displays the differences between them.
FIND Searches for a text string in a file or files.
FINDSTR Searches for strings in files.
FOR Runs a specified command for each item in a set.
FORFILES Selects files in a folder for batch processing.
FORMAT Formats a disc for use with Windows.
FSUTIL Displays or configures the file system properties.
FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file extensions associations.
GOTO Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a batch program.
GPRESULT Displays Group Policy Information for machine or user.
GRAFTABL Enables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode.
HELP Provides help information for Windows commands.
ICACLS Display, modify, backup, or restore ACLs for files and directories.
IF Performs conditional processing in batch programs.
IPCONFIG Displays all current TCP/IP network configuration values.
LABEL Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.
MD Creates a directory.
MKDIR Creates a directory.
MKLINK Creates Symbolic Links and Hard Links.
MODE Configures a system device.
MORE Displays output one screen at a time.
MOVE Moves one or more files from one directory to another directory.
OPENFILES Queries, displays, or disconnects open files or files opened by network users.
PATH Displays or sets a search path for executable files.
PAUSE Suspends processing of a batch file.
POPD Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.
PRINT Prints a text file.
PROMPT Changes the Windows command prompt.
PUSHD Saves the current directory then changes it.
RD Removes a directory.
RECOVER Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.
REM Designates comments (remarks) in batch files.
REN Renames a file or files.
RENAME Renames a file or files.
REPLACE Replaces files.
RMDIR Removes a directory.
ROBOCOPY Advanced utility to copy files and directory trees.
SET Displays, sets, or removes environment variables for current session.
SETLOCAL Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.
SETX Sets environment variables.
SC Displays or configures services (background processes).
SCHTASKS Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer.
SHIFT Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.
SHUTDOWN Allows proper local or remote shutdown of machine.
SORT Sorts input.
START Starts a separate window to run a specified programs or command.
SUBST Associates a path with a drive letter.
SYSTEMINFO Displays machine specific properties and configuration.
TAKEOWN Allows an administrator to take ownership of a file.
TASKLIST Displays all currently running tasks including services.
TASKKILL Kill running process or applications.
TIME Displays or sets the system time.
TIMEOUT Pauses the command processor for the specified number of seconds.
TITLE Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.
TREE Graphically displays the directory structure of a drove or path.
TYPE Displays the contents of a text file.
VER Displays the Windows version.
VERIFY Tells Windows whether or verify that your files are written correctly to a disk.
VOL Displays a disk volume label and serial number.
VSSADMIN Volume Shadow Copy Service administration tool.
WHERE Displays the locations of files that match a search pattern.
WMIC Displays WMI information inside interactive command shell.
XCOPY Copies files and directory trees.
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Dive Deeper With the Windows Command Prompt

You’ll never remember all of the commands available in the Windows Command Prompt, but if you keep this cheat sheet handy, you’ll always have them at hand.

Of course, this is only a smidgeon of what the Command Prompt has to offer. Other commands can be learned, or they can be chained together for maximum efficiency.


I hope you found this information helpful. Please fill out the form below if you have any queries or comments.

User Questions:

  1. Does Command Prompt serve a meaningful purpose?

The Windows command prompt has been an integral part of the Windows operating system for a long time. Some CMD commands are so helpful and simple to use that even non-technical users consider the Windows command prompt an important feature of the operating system.

  1. What is the total number of CMD commands?

For Windows, a complete set of CMD commands is available. In Windows, the Command Prompt gives access to over 280 commands. These commands are used to do various operating system functions using a command-line interface rather than the graphical Windows interface that we are used to.

  1. What are the capabilities of the command prompt?

Most Windows operating systems have a command-line interpreter tool called Command Prompt. It’s utilized to carry out directives that have been entered. Most of those commands use scripts and batch files to automate activities, perform advanced administrative functions, and troubleshoot or resolve specific Windows issues.

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  1. What are command-line-prompt-tips for Windows 10?
  • Shortcuts for Command Prompt on the Keyboard.
  • Change the color of the Command Prompt.
  • Abort the execution of a command.
  • Temporary files should be deleted.
  • Using CMD, shut down your computer at a specific time.
  • Make a Wi-Fi hotspot and look for your Wi-Fi password.
  • As a backup solution, use Robocopy.
  • Troubleshoot the boot process.
  1. In a Windows system, what are the most effective command-line prompts for troubleshooting?

What are the most useful command line prompts for troubleshooting in a Windows environment? from sysadmin