The Essential Tmux Commands Cheat Sheet

The Essential Tmux Commands Cheat Sheet

Here we can see, “The Essential Tmux Commands Cheat Sheet”

Running commands within the terminal allows you to do many tasks more quickly than you’ll employ a graphical application. But command prompts aren’t all that great for multitasking, a minimum of not without some help. And that is where tmux comes in.

Tmux or terminal multiplexer may be an instruction program that permits you to run and consider multiple commands during a single terminal window simultaneously. Each command exists in its windowpane as if you were employing a full-blown tiling window manager.

To help you start with tmux, we’ve compiled critical tmux terms and commands within the cheat sheet below.

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The Essential Tmux Commands Cheat Sheet

Shortcut Action
¹Ctrl + b Default prefix key
t Show time (ESC returns to the terminal)
: Enter a command (Example: “:new-session”)
list-commands List all commands that tmux supports
Tmux Terms
Pane An open command prompt (or pseudo-terminal). Panes may appear side by side or vertically stacked inside a window.
Window Your view of open panes
Session A set of open windows
Client The background process that displays your session
Server A single server manages all open sessions (Servers and clients are separate processes that each communicate through a socket in /tmp.)
Creating and Managing Panes
% Split screen or pane in half vertically, creating a new pane on the right
Split screen or pane in half horizontally, creating a new pane at the bottom
Arrow key Switch to the adjacent pane
o Switch to the next pane
q Show pane numbers (when numbers appear, press number to switch to that pane)
{ Move current pane to the left
} Move current pane to the right
x Close the current pane
Ctrl + Arrow key Resize pane in steps of one cell
Alt + Arrow key Resize pane in steps of five cells
Alt + 1 Arrange panes in the even-horizontal preset layout
Alt + 2 Arrange panes in the even-vertical preset layout
Alt + 3 Arrange panes in the main-horizontal preset layout
Alt + 4 Arrange panes in the main-vertical preset layout
Alt + 5 Arrange panes in the tiled preset layout
Creating and Managing Windows
c Create a new window
! Detach pane into a new window
n Switch to the previous window (in order of creation)
p Switch to the next window (in order of creation)
l Switch to the window used most recently
w List all windows and their corresponding numbers
Window number Switch to the corresponding window
, Rename current window
i Display info about the current window
f Search for text in open windows (ESC exits the search)
Creating and Managing Sessions
new-session Create a new session
$ Rename current session
list-sessions List open sessions
attach-session Create a new client and attach it to the specified session (-t target-session)
detach-client -s target-session Detach clients attached to the current session
kill-session Destroy the current or specified session
¹To activate a shortcut, you must first press and release the prefix key, then press the shortcut key.
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More Help With the Linux Command Line

The commands above assist you in adding tmux using multiple panes, windows, and sessions. If you want to form tmux your own, you’ll go further by editing the configuration file stored at the following location:


You can also try your hand at scripting.

When you’re working exclusively from the terminal, installing tmux is like installing a window manager. This provides you more flexibility when performing on servers or other devices without an attached screen. Celebrate exploring tmux! And if you are looking for more instruction resources, look at our Linux commands reference cheat sheet next.


I hope you found this handy guide. If you’ve any questions or comments, don’t hesitate to use the shape below. 

User Questions:

  1. What is the tmux command?

tmux may be a terminal multiplexer: it enables various terminals to be created, accessed, and controlled from one screen. tmux could also be detached from a screen and continue running within the background, then later reattached. When tmux is started, it creates a replacement session with one window and displays it on the screen.

  1. What does Ctrl B neutralize tmux?

Note: meaning hold down Ctrl and hit b, then lull on both and hit d. Your session and its processes are still running, but your terminal is now liberal to do something else. You’ll even sign off, eat, then ssh back in (to an equivalent lab computer) and reattach to your still-running tmux session.

  1. Should you use tmux?

Instead of keeping track of the many windows yourself, you’ll use tmux to make, organize, and navigate between them. More importantly, tmux allows you to detach from and reattach sessions so that you’ll leave your terminal sessions running within the background and resume them later.

  1. Pros/Cons of a tmux-Heavy Workflow

Pros/Cons of a tmux-Heavy Workflow from vim

  1. How many of you’ve got already been enlightened by: term?

How many of you have already been enlightened by :term? from vim