How to Calculate a Z-Score Using Microsoft Excel

How to Calculate a Z-Score Using Microsoft Excel

Here we can see, “How to Calculate a Z-Score Using Microsoft Excel”

A z-score is a statistical price that tells you what number of trendy deviations a particular price takes place from the mean of the entire records set. You can use average and STDEV.S or STDEV, and P formulas to calculate your facts’ suggest and standard deviation and then use the one’s outcomes to decide the z-score of every fee.

What is a Z-Score and what do the AVERAGE, STDEV.S, and STDEV.P functions do?

A z-score is a simple manner of evaluating values from two specific statistics units. It’s far defined because the range of popular deviations away from the suggest a facts factor lies. The overall formulation seems like this:


Right here’s an instance to help make clear. Say you wanted to examine the test effects of two algebra students taught by distinctive teachers. You understand the primary student got a 95% on the final exam in a single magnificence, and the scholar in the different magnificence scored 87%.

Before everything looks, the ninety-five% grade is greater surprising, however what if the teacher of the second one elegance gave a greater hard examination? You can calculate the z-score of every scholar’s score based on the common scores in every magnificence and the same old deviation of the rankings in each magnificence. Comparing the z-rankings of the 2 students ought to reveal that the pupil with the 87% score did higher in evaluation to the relaxation of their elegance than the student with the ninety-eight% score did in comparison to the relaxation of their magnificence.

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The primary statistical price you want is the ‘imply,’ and excel’s “average” function calculates that price. It virtually provides all the values in a cell range and divides that sum by the number of cells containing numerical values (it ignores clean cells).

The other statistical fee we want is the ‘popular deviation,’ and excel has two specific capabilities to calculate the same old deviation is slightly extraordinary ways.

Previous versions of excel handiest had the “STDEV” feature, which calculates the standard deviation at the same time as treating the data as a ‘pattern’ of a populace. Excel 2010 broke that into  functions that calculate the standard deviation:

  • STDEV.S: this characteristic is equal to the preceding “STDEV” characteristic. It calculates the usual deviation while treating the statistics as a ‘sample’ of a population. A populace pattern is probably something like the unique mosquitoes gathered for a research task or vehicles that had been set aside and used for crash safety testing.
  • STDEV.P: this characteristic calculates the standard deviation while treating the statistics because of the complete populace. An entire population could be something like every mosquito on the planet or each automobile in a manufacturing run of a selected model.

What you choose is primarily based on your records set. The difference will typically be small, but the result of the “STDEV.P” feature will usually be smaller than the “STDEV.S” function for the identical statistics set. It’s far an extra conservative method to expect there’s extra variability inside the data.

How to Calculate a Z Score in Excel

  1. Open your data in excel. The app has an icon of a green sheet with an “x” in the front of a table. Open the excel record with the dataset you want to discover the z scores for. In any other case, input your data into a column of a new clean excel document.
  2. Enter the mean formula in a blank cell. Suppose you have all your data factors recorded in an excel spreadsheet. In that case, you could calculate the imply the usage of the system =AVERAGE(“cell range”) in a blank cell, changing “cell range” with the range of cells that include your data points.
  • For example, if your facts points are in cells A2 thru A11, and you desire to calculate the mean in cellr D2, you’ll select cell D2 and kind =AVERAGE(A2:A11).
  1. Enter the standard deviation system in a blank cell. For statistics points that are recorded in an excel spreadsheet, you may calculate the usual deviation of the usage of the components =STDEV(“cell range”) in a clean cell, changing “cell variety” with the equal variety of cells that contain all your statistics factors.
  • For instance, if your records points are recorded in cells A2 via A11, and you wanted to calculate the standard deviation in cell D4., you would choose cell D4 and sort =STDEV(A2:A11).
  • In a few versions of Excel, you may need to kind =STDEVA or =STDEVAP in the vicinity of =STDEV.
  1. Find the z score for an data point. In a clean cell after the cell of the facts point, you want to find the z score of, input the system =(datapoint — $mean)/$standard deviation, changing “statistics factor” with the cell of the data point, and replacing “suggest” and “trendy deviation” with absolutely the cell places (dollar signs in the front of the letter and number of a cell suggest it will continue to be constant in case you use the formula in different locations).
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  • Using our example, if you desire to locate the z score of cell A2 within the column after it, you will select cell B2 and enter the system =(A2-$D$2)/$D$4. The dollar symptoms in the front of the letters and numbers make certain that the cell vicinity may not alternate even if you use the formulation for other cells.
  1. Apply the formula to every data point in your table. After you’ve located the z score on your first facts point, you may follow the identical system to the rest of the listing by dragging right down to the remainder of the column. Certainly, click on the cell with the z score you created, then click on and drag the green box within the proper backside nook of the cell to the lowest of the column. This applies to the components to the rest of the list, giving a z score to every statistics factor within the list.
  • In our instance, select cell B2 and drag the inexperienced dot (handle) that looks in the bottom-right to cell B11. This may show a z score after every facts factor in column A.


I’m hoping you determined this guide useful. When you have any questions or feedback, don’t hesitate to apply the form below.

User Questions:

  1. What is the z-score function in Excel?

A z-score is a statistical cost that tells you what number of widespread deviations a specific value occurs from the mean of the whole data set. You can use common and STDEV, and S or STDEV.

  1. What does the z-score tell you?

Z-score indicates how much a given cost differs from the standard deviation. The z-score, or well-known score, is the number of well-known deviations a given statistics factor lies above or below imply. The trendy deviation is essentially a mirrored image of the quantity of variability within a given statistics set.

  1. How do you convert z-score to percentage?

Subtract the cost you just found from zero. Five, if you want to calculate the share of statistics to your set that is extra than the price you used to derive your z-score. The calculation within the case of the sat example might consequently be 0.5 – 0.4978 = zero.0022.

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  1. How to implement a z-score table

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